[ October 10, 2014 ]
In 2008 a 40th edition of Social Trends reported that more than three quarters of adults aged between 65 and 74 were obese or overweight.
Obesity is characterised by:
– Waist measurements in excess of 40″ in men and 35″ in women
– Blood pressure of or above 130/85, fasting glucose level of 110 mg/dl or higher
– HDL (‘good’ cholesterol) levels of less than 40mg/dl.
Obesity is increasing in the elderly, bringing massive and rapid changing burdens of ill health, with most of it connected to poor diet and inactivity.
Being obese often causes a number of other significant health problems, from difficulty with daily activities to serious health conditions that require regular medical attention. Being obese can also exacerbate existing health conditions, for example, irritating arthritis due to more weight being carried around, increasing fatigue and causing difficulty when doing physical activity.
To help reduce obesity, there are a few simple tips that can help you take control of your weight:
Firstly, regular exercise really does make a difference. Moderate intensity exercise is physical activity that increases your heart and breathing rate, may make you sweat but allows you to still hold a normal conversation. Examples of this are fast walking, jogging, swimming and tennis; these should be done several times a week.
A healthy diet is also very important. By reducing unhealthy and high energy food choices such as fast food, processed food and sugary drinks and swapping them for healthier choices, you can reduce your calorie intake. Your diet should also include plenty of fruit and vegetables, starchy foods such as potatoes, pasta and rice, portions of protein from meat, fish, eggs and beans, some dairy products and small amounts of food or drink high in fat and sugar.